Skincare Ingredients Decoded: A Comprehensive Guide to Everything You Need to Know

With over 100,000 words and counting, Skincare Glossary is a complete guide to skincare terms. It has everything you need to know about skincare from A to Z. It covers everything from acne to wrinkles and everything in between. Skincare Glossary also provides a list of the most commonly used skincare ingredients for easy reference, as well as a list of skincare brands and more.
Vegan

Vegan skincare products do not contain any animal byproducts, are not tested on animals, and no animal by-products are used in the manufacturing of these products. Vegan-certified products have their logo that skincare brands can use to tell you that their products have been certified by the Vegan Society.


Parabens

Parabens are chemical preservatives commonly used in cosmetics and skincare products to prevent mold and bacteria from growing in the products. If you’re interested in paraben-free skincare products, many brands will advertise being “paraben-free” in a pretty visible place on their products’ packaging so you don’t have to read all the ingredients to know if the product is paraben-free.


Phthalates

Phthalates are chemicals used as binding agents or solvents in skincare and cosmetics. When people talk about harmful things in plastic, they’re often referring to Phthalates.


Gluten

You may not think of gluten, the protein in wheat flour, as a skincare ingredient, but gluten can be found in all kinds of skincare products. Of course, there’s no flour in your skincare product, but gluten can be included in the form of oils and extracts from barley, rye, and wheat plants. If you have a gluten sensitivity or suffer from Celiac Disease, make sure to use skincare products that are marked as “gluten-free.”


Organic 

Skincare products are marked as “organic” when all the natural ingredients are organically grown. Most ingredients in skincare that are organic will have that noted in the ingredients list. 

 

Ingredients


Apricot Kernel Oil 

Reduces the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines, improves skin tone, and maintains skin texture


Avocado Oil 

Moisturizes skin, protects against UV radiation, and can calm skin itchiness


Bentonite

Absorbs dirt and oil, fights acne, and brightens skin


Ceramides

Moisturizes, protects against environmental damage and reduces signs of aging in the skin


Emulsifying Wax

Moisturizes, protects against environmental damage, and makes products easier to apply

 Glycerin

Reduces wrinkles, traps moisture in the skin, and works to improve skin texture


Glycolic Acid

Fights acne, promotes collagen growth, and removes dead skin cells to improve skin texture


Hyaluronic Acid 

Hydrates skin, tightens skin, and stimulates skin cell regeneration


Kaolin Clay

Fights acne, absorbs excess moisture and oils, and removes dead skin cells

 

Malic Acid

Removes dead skin cells, hydrates skin, and improves skin tone and texture


Mango Seed Butter

Stimulates skin cell growth, protects against environmental irritants, and improves skin elasticity


MSM

Reduces skin inflammation, promotes keratin production, and reduces wrinkles


Niacinamide

Minimizes the appearance of pores, treats hyperpigmentation, and increases keratin production


Organic Alcohol Organic

Helps ingredients penetrate the skin, preserves skincare products, and helps products dry faster on the skin


Neem Seed Oil

Moisturizes skin, fights wrinkles, and fades scars


Organic Aloe Leaf Juice

Treats burns and acne, moisturizes and reduces psoriasis

 

 Organic Bilberry Fruit Extract

Brightens skin, prevents age spots, and blocks harm from UVA light


Organic Coconut Oil

Reduces inflammation, soothes eczema, and promotes wound healing


Organic Cranberry Fruit Extract

Increases collagen production, firms and tightens skin, and reduces fine lines


Organic Green Tea Leaf Extract

Reduces the appearance of cellulite, soothes redness and swelling, and decreases the occurrence of blackheads by eliminating dead skin and bacteria

 

Organic Hibiscus Extract

Prevents acne, exfoliates the skin, and supports the natural production of collagen


Organic Lemon Peel Extract

Fades dark spots, reduces acne by fighting oil build-up, and helps remove acne scars


Organic Multiple Fruit Tincture

Encourages the growth of new skin cells to improve skin’s appearance, hydrates skin, and protects against UV radiation


Organic Orange Peel Extract

Unclogs pores to reduce blackheads and acne, evens and lightens skin tone, and works as a natural astringent to deeply clean skin


Organic Rosemary Leaf Extract

An antioxidant that prevents premature aging, calms skin conditions such as eczema, and reduces swelling


Organic Seaweed Extract

Brightens skin by exfoliating it naturally, hydrates skin, and helps to heal common skin conditions such as acne and rosacea

 

Organic Shea Butter

Reduces razor bumps, reduces stretch marks, and reduces skin inflammation


Organic Sugar Cane Extract

Protects skin against harsh weather by helping skin absorb moisture, protects skin against toxins, and combats free radicals that can damage skin


Organic Sugar Maple Extract

Removes dead skin build-up, protects skin elastin to prevent signs of aging, and repairs damage caused by free radicals such as wrinkles


Organic Sunflower Seed Oil

Combats acne and redness, helps skin retain moisture, and protects skin against bacteria


Organic White Willow Bark Extract

Reduces pore size by exfoliating the skin, reduces excess oil on the skin, and helps reduce the appearance of wrinkles


Phenoxyethanol

Used as a preservative in many skin care products, can reduce acne as well as cause eczema


Pro-vitamin B

Calms inflammation, reduces hyperpigmentation, and minimizes enlarged pores


Pro-vitamin B5

Helps maintain your skin’s natural barrier, improves skin’s elasticity, and helps skin retain moisture levels


Red Clay 

Removes blackheads by drying them out, tightens pores, and improves skin tone


Retinoids

Increases collagen production, helps the skin produce new blood vessels to improve skin color, and softens rough skin


Rose Clay

Tightens pores, reduces inflammation, and removes dead skin cells


Rosehip Oil

Reduces fine lines and wrinkles, battles premature aging, and encourages skin cell development to prevent and minimize sagging skin and scars


Stearic Acid

Softens skin, cleanses skin gently, and helps the skin absorb important nutrients


Sunflower Seed Oil

Helps skin retain moisture, works against premature aging, and helps soothe dry-skin related conditions such as eczema


Tartaric Acid

Helps combat keratosis pilaris, helps dissolve tough layers of skin for a smoother complexion, and moisturizes


Tetrasodium Glutamate Diacetate

 A natural preservative found in skincare products as well as a stabilizer that prevents discoloration in skincare products.


 Vegan DMAE

Reduces the appearance of dark under-eye circles, tightens and firms skin, and improves skin tone and coloration


Vegetable Glycerin

Soothes skin irritation, moisturize skin and protect against skin infections


Vitamin A

Prevents sun damage and against sunburn, keeps aging skin healthy by programming cells, and helps keep skin clear of blemishes


Vitamin B3

Reduces hyperpigmentation, fights free radicals (harmful environmental factors) to protect the skin, and decreases redness


Vitamin C

Encourages collagen growth, provides protein to keep skin from aging, and prevents further damage to existing collagen


Vitamin E 

Supports skin cell function, combats free radicals, and reduces UV damage to the skin


Xanthan Gum

Helps skincare products be applied smoothly, improves the texture of skincare products, and helps prevent product separation

Ylang Ylang Oil

Helps the top layers of skin heal, kills skin bacteria, and helps skin heal quickly